Food Safety is one of the major concerns for most of the countries. Each country has it’s own food safety standards which are to be followed by every other country while exporting the food within that country. But to have uniformity for the laws, some International Standards have been introduced, amongst which ISO 22K or ISO 22000.
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the world’s largest developer of voluntary International Standards providing benefits for business, government, and society. ISO International Standards create confidence in the products we eat or drink by ensuring the world uses the same recipe when it comes to food quality, safety, and efficiency. By implementing voluntary ISO standards, companies make a proactive commitment to the principles they stand for: quality, transparency, accountability and safety.
The ISO standards benefits everyone, viz-a-viz, industry, that includes farmers, manufacturers, retailers and service providers, regulators and most importantly, the consumers and address their issues of concern to consumers such as nutritional value, labeling and declaration, taste, hygiene, genetically modified organisms, limits on additives, pesticides, contaminants, and so on.
ISO 22000 contains overall guidelines for food safety management.
It specifies the requirements for a food safety management system that combines the following generally recognized key elements to ensure food safety along the food chain, up to the point of final consumption:
— interactive communication
— system management
— prerequisite programs
ISO 22000 integrates the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system and application steps developed by the Codex Alimentarius Commission.
ISO 22000:2005 specifies requirements for a food safety management system where an organization in the food chain needs to demonstrate its ability to control food safety hazards in order to ensure that food is safe at the time of human consumption.
It is applicable to all organizations, regardless of size, which is involved in any aspect of the food chain and wants to implement systems that consistently provide safe products. The means of meeting any requirements of ISO 22000:2005 can be accomplished through the use of internal and/or external resources.
ISO 22000:2005 specifies requirements to enable an organization
- To plan, implement, operate, maintain and update a food safety management system aimed at providing products that, according to their intended use, are safe for the consumer,
- To demonstrate compliance with applicable statutory and regulatory food safety requirements,
- To evaluate and assess customer requirements and demonstrate conformity with those mutually agreed customer requirements that relate to food safety, in order to enhance customer satisfaction
- To effectively communicate food safety issues to their suppliers, customers and relevant interested parties in the food chain,
- To ensure that the organization conforms to its stated food safety policy,
- To demonstrate such conformity to relevant interested parties, and
To seek certification or registration of its food safety management system by an external organization, or make a self-assessment or self-declaration of conformity to ISO 22000:2005.
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