We all remember going for camping and night treks. We all remember those bonfires around which we sat and songs from the past. Those jubilant, joyous and cheerful nights all were always incomplete without that soft white, fluffy candy ‘Marshmallow’. Roasting them on the bonfire did we ever wonder, what these delicacies are made from. Want to know, then see How To Make Marshmallows.
What Are Marshmallows Made From?
Marshmallows are made from very simple products. These products are being used by us in our day to day life. It’s just the way of making marshmallows that make them marshmallows. In general, the marshmallows in the USA are made from sugar, gelatin & water. And the most important and major ingredient is AIR, yes air, it is the air which is incorporated into the mixture gives them their fluffy nature. The people on the other side of pond that is the Europeans are known to make better marshmallows. They make them like a meringue whipping it very fast. Moreover, with sugar they also add a little bit of corn syrup too.
Why Are Marshmallows Called Marshmallows?
Marshmallows initially were made from a tree sap called the mallow. And the beauty of the nature is that these mallow trees are grown in marshy areas. Hence, the name comes from combining them both Marsh-Mallow giving them their name ‘marshmallows’.
History Of Marshmallows | How To Make Marshmallows
The Egyptians were the first who started making marshmallows. These marshmallows were made from tree sap called the mallow tree. The marshmallow plant has a history of use in herbal medicine. The Egyptians were the first to know about the medicinal properties of this beautiful herb. It had been used to treat wounds, reduce inflammation, cure toothaches and soothe sore throats. It has also been relied on as a food source during times of famine, even though the plant itself did not taste like candy. This was a labour-intensive process and the cell sap had to be taken out by pressing them. And hence the marshmallows were made for the royalty and Gods.
When these marshmallows were brought to Europe they were quite expensive. The revolution in the marshmallow industry came when the starch-mogul were used to make them. By using them a number a marshmallow could be made and soon they were available as cent candy.
Do Marshmallows Have Dairy?
Marshmallows are purely made from sugar, gelatin and air only. Marshmallows are considered as a confectionary item. They are fluffy in nature and gelatin often provides them stability acting as an emulsifier. But they melt easily in hot coffee, hot chocolates or in between the slices. Marshmallows are often confused as a dairy product due to their appearance and flavours. But we can for sure say that they are hundred percent dairy free.
How To Make Marshmallows | Production Process
Cooking: A pan is used to heat the mixture of sugar, water and corn syrup. The temperature of this solution has to be maximum 240°F(115°C) that is the soft ball stage on the candy thermometer. And on the other hand, take around 60 grams of gelatin in the beater and break it. If you want to make some specific flavour marshmallows then the boiling time is the best time to add flavours. E.g. if you want to make coffee flavoured marshmallows then instead of water a concentrate of dark coffee has to added. And the temperature for boiling changes according to the ingredients added.
Forming: The hot boiling mixture is then added by gelatin. Air is pumped into the mixture. The mixture cools in a tempering kettle, passes through another filter, and Marshmallow continues on to the “hill.” Marshmallows are extruded through a machine or deposited onto bands.
Cooling: After the marshmallows have been extruded they are in a shape of pillows. These pillows are then sent through a cooling drum, which extracts the excess starch. In this whole process the temperature of the marshmallows comes down significantly making them suitable for packaging.
Packaging: The marshmallow pillows are cut into small cubicle pieces. Around 6-7 marshmallows are packaged.
How To Make Marshmallows Video