We’re hungry for a snack. How about you? We were thinking about something along the lines of a sweet little treat that’s just a bit chewy. What are we talking about? Gummy candies, of course!It’s hard to resist the lure of the sweet smell of gummy sweets. We know they’re bad for our teeth and everything, but they hit the sweet spot and that’s enough to have us drilling through a bag of pic ‘n mix in about 10 minutes flat.So without wasting any time further let’s see How Are Gummy Bears Made.
Raw Materials | What Is Gummy Candy Made Of
Gummy bears candy recipes are typically developed by experienced food technologists and chemists. By blending together different ingredients, they can control the various characteristics of gummy candy, such as texture, taste, and appearance.The original base ingredient ,used was gum arabic, which led to the name gummy candies. Today, the base ingredient of gummy candies is edible gelatin. Also found in licorice, soft caramels, and marshmallows, edible gelatin gives gummy bears their chewy consistency and long shelf life.
Mainly responsible for the candy’s unique, gummy characteristics is gelatin. This is a protein derived from animal tissue that forms thick solutions or gels when placed in water. When used at an appropriate concentration, the gels take on the texture of the chewy, gummy candy. However, since these gels are thermoreversible, which means they get thinner as they are heated from which gummy candies have a “melt in the mouth” characteristic. Both the texture and the amount of time it takes the candy to dissolve in the mouth can be controlled by the amount of gelatin used in a recipe.
Gelatin is a tasteless and odorless compound that contains no fat, sweeteners and flavorings are added to give gummy candy its taste. Various sugars are added as sweeteners. generally sucrose and fructose are used. Corn syrup is also used because it helps prevent the other sugars from crystallizing and ruining the gummy texture. Also, corn syrup helps add body to the candy, maintain moisture, and keep costs lower. Another sweetener is sorbitol, which has the added benefit of helping the candy maintain its moisture content. In addition to flavor, some of these sweeteners have the added benefit of preserving the gummy candy from microbial growth.
The sweetness of gummy candy is only one of its characteristics. Artificial and natural flavors are also used to create a unique taste. Natural flavors are obtained from fruits, berries, honey, molasses, and maple sugar. The impact of these flavors can be improved by the addition of artificial flavors that are mixtures of aromatic chemicals and include materials such as methyl anthranilate and ethyl caproate. Also, acids such as citric acid, lactic acid, and malic acid are added to provide flavor.
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Role Of Gelatin In Gummy Bear Making
Gelatin gels have a natural faint yellow color, so dyes are added to create the wide array of colors found in gummy candy.The textural characteristics of gelatin gels depends on many factors, such as temperature, method of manufacture, and pH. While the manufacturing method and temperature can be physically controlled, the pH is controlled chemically by the addition of acids. These include food grade acids such as citric acid, lactic acid, fumaric acid, and malic acid. Other ingredients are added during the production process are lubricating agents, and shine enhancing agents like beeswax, coconut oil, carnauba wax, mineral oil, partially hydrogenated soybean oil, confectioner’s glaze, which are often added during the filling phase of manufacture.
How Are Gummy Bears Made | Production Process
- Mixing: Gummy Bears Candies are mass-produced in factories by the tens of thousands at a time. First, the ingredients are mixed together in a large vat.Typical ingredients include corn syrup, sugar, water, gelatin, food coloring, and flavorings. Flavorings often come from fruit juices and citric acid.
- Cooking: Once the ingredients are mixed, the resulting liquid is cooked until it thickens into what manufacturers call a slurry.
- Lining of moulds: before pouring the slurry in the molds ,The molds for gummy bears candies are lined with corn starch, which prevents the gummy candies from sticking to the molds.
- Molding: The slurries then poured into molds for shaping. Gummy bears would be poured into bear-shaped molds, of course. There are so many different types of shapes for gummy candies, though of which bear shaped is most popular.
- Cooling and setting: After the gummy bear candy slurry is poured into the molds, it is cooled to 65º F and allowed to sit for 24 -26 hours to allow the slurry to cool and set.
- Unmolding: After 24 hours in the molds, the gummy bears candies are removed and placed in a large drum tumbler.
- Tumbling in oil : . In the tumbler, the gummy bears candies are tumbled in a light food-grade oil that absorbs any remaining corn starch and keeps the gummy bears candies soft and fresh.
- Packaging: After they’re tumbled in oil, the gummy bears candies are ready to be packaged and sold.
Some of the most popular flavors of gummy bears include raspberry, orange, strawberry, pineapple, and lemon. While regular gummy bears can be very high in sugar, you can also find healthier varieties on the shelves today. In fact, some companies now sell multivitamins in gummy form to make them more attractive to children!
Gummy Bears Manufacturing Flowchart | How Are Gummy Bears Made
Quality Control | How Are Gummy Bears Made
Various sensory characteristics are checked, including appearance, color, odor, and flavor. Many other characteristics, such as viscosity of oils, the particle size of the solids,and pH of liquids, are also studied. Quality control technicians check physical aspects of the candy that include appearance, flavor, texture, and odor. The usual method of testing is to compare them to an existing standard of the final product. Other qualities such as taste, texture, and odor are evaluated by sensory panels.
So next time, don’t forget to check the shelves of candy aisles in stores you visit!